Dead People are not Subject to the Law

Romans 7:4-6 (NKJV) 4 Therefore, my brethren, you also have become dead to the law through the body of Christ, that you may be married to another–to Him who was raised from the dead, that we should bear fruit to God. 5 For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were aroused by the law were at work in our members to bear fruit to death. 6 But now we have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by, so that we should serve in the newness of the Spirit and not in the oldness of the letter.

(Please check out my new book called “Faith: Origins and Application” on Amazon Kindle at this link.

We have been looking at the book of Romans in light of the power of God’s grace manifested in our salvation through Jesus Christ. We have learned many things. First that everyone born is in the same situation. We are all under the power of sin. Second, we learned from Abraham that it is faith in God that frees us from the power of the law. .

In Romans 5 we learned that what Jesus did by obedience was more powerful than what Adam did by disobedience. Through Adam’s disobedience and sin, death came upon all people. They had no choice. Through Jesus’ obedience that death was paid for. Anyone could choose to accept what Jesus did as payment for their sin nature and be born again. Grace is what gives us salvation. Grace is more powerful than sin. We must choose grace by an act of our will.

In Romans 6 Paul wants it very clear that this does not mean those under grace are free to sin. Just the opposite is true. They are free not to sin. We are slaves to what we allow to reign over us. If we choose to yield our members to sin, we remain slaves to sin. It does not matter if we are saved or not. If we choose to accept and yield to the Lordship of Jesus and yield our bodies to righteousness, we will have a new kind of life that will revolutionize how we relate to both God and the word.

This brings us to chapter seven. This chapter can be very confusing. It helps to fit it into the emerging story of Romans. We are not under law. We are under grace. Grace does not excuse us from sin, it gives us the power to overcome sin. The question is how it does that.

We have seen that we have been given a new kind of life. We have seen that walking in that life means not giving our members, or body and soul, over to sin by serving it. What is the process that enables me to do that consistently? Romans 7 and 8 unlock the answers to these questions.

In the first part of this chapter Paul makes it clear that we are not under Law. However, it is important we understand how we are not under the law. Paul uses the example of marriage. A woman is married as long as she and her husband are alive. If she leaves him and goes to another when he is alive, except for certain clear conditions the bible calls that adultery. If the husband dies she is free to marry anyone she wants.

To be free from the law, something must die. In todays section of scripture Paul tells us that we died to the law. Praise God! When I received Jesus as Lord and savior there was a very real death and rebirth that occurred. Paul makes it clear in Galatians 2:20-21.

Galatians 2:20-21 (NKJV) 20 I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me. 21 I do not set aside the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain.”

Paul tells us that he was crucified with Christ. Crucifixion always kills the victim. By being identified with Jesus’ death Paul died. Nevertheless, by identification with Jesus’ resurrection, Paul was raised from the dead as well.

What he says next is an important key. “It is no longer I who lives but Christ within me. Paul recognizes that accepting death in Christ means that the life he lives from then on cannot be lived according to the desires of the flesh. It must be lived as Christ lives through him.

Verse 21 says clearly that Paul is not going to lean on the law to be right with God. That comes by the salvation given to us through grace. If the law could make us right, Jesus’ death has no point. Taken out of context this could mean that I no longer have any need to obey the law. I simply walk in grace. Again, I ask, how?

Something must die. I am already dead according to heaven by identification with Jesus’ death. I a have been raised according to heaven by identifying with Jesus’ resurrection. That is my legal standing. However, if I obey what the flesh wants, I am not living “by the faith of the son of God who gave himself for me.” My legal position in heaven and my earthly experience become two different things.

That is the story of Romans 7. We are dead to the law. We are married to Jesus. That is how Paul starts this chapter. I think it would be valid to say that this can describe the life of a good person who is not saved. However, Paul sets the parameters in the first two paragraphs. We are already married to grace. We are already dead to the law. He is talking to people who are saved.

This letter is written to the church at Rome. I certainly believe the Roman church was not exclusively Jewish. It is likely that it was dominated by Jewish believers. That is implied by verse 1 of the chapter.

Romans 7:1 (NKJV) 1 Or do you not know, brethren (for I speak to those who know the law), that the law has dominion over a man as long as he lives?

These were people who knew the law. They had been raised under it or had been taught by those who had. It was only natural for them to assume that Christianity was no different than Judaism. If you were a believer, you lived according to God’s will and God’s ways. Israel had always been told they were different from the rest of the world. Keeping the law is what defined them. Therefore, Christians must also live according to what the law taught. They were right! It was why and then how Christians lived according to God’s ways that changed.

Paul does not say the law is no longer valid. He says that were delivered from the law by dying to it. We are no longer bound by the letter of the Law that brings death. We are to serve God according to the Spirit which brings life.

We no longer simply keep laws. Now we live according to our Spirit that inward man that was born again in Christ. This does not mean we do away with living according to God’s will and ways. We live according to the spirit of God’s will and ways written inside us (Jerimiah 31:31-34.) We keep the Law because it is written on our hearts as part of our relationship with God through Jesus.

We live according to what the law means not just what the words say. We live by knowing the author of the law not by simply keeping the written commandments or letter. That said, we still must live according to God’s ways or we become slaves to sin and death manifests in our living here on earth. The rest of Romans 7 describes exactly where most of us find ourselves today. We will look at that in our next post.

How to Walk in Newness of Life 3

Romans 6:19-23 (NKJV) 19 I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness, and of lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves of righteousness for holiness. 20 For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness. 21 What fruit did you have then in the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death. 22 But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life. 23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Today we come to the end of Romans chapter 6. As we look at the results of the grace of God in Romans, we have found a progression.

1. All mankind is in a state of unrighteousness because of the fall.

2. There is no law we can keep nor price we can pay to overcome this condition.

3. Faith in the sacrifice of Jesus is the only way we can be made right with God. Salvation is the product of God’s grace.

4. What God did in Christ overturned what Satan did in Adam. Since all are under the affects of Adam’s fall, all can partake of redemption in Christ. Faith is the way we partake of what Jesus did.

5. In Romans 6 Paul brings a balance. The salvation we receive by grace through faith does not negate the toxic nature of sin. We still must live according to the principles and ways of God. If we do not we become slaves to sin which will release the power of death in our earthly life.

Today let us finish looking at Romans 6. Paul was accused of preaching a message that gave people license to sin. This was not true. Paul did believe deeply in the grace of God. He did not believe that because we have God’s grace we were free to sin without affect.

What grace did for us is bring us salvation. Salvation changed us inwardly. This inward change gives us a power called “new life” which enables us to live above sin. When we allow this life to flow through our whole being it will drive out all the power of death. This includes giving us an inside out ability to resist temptation and sin.

The law was God’s way of giving access to grace to those who were not changed inwardly. In Romans 8 Paul tells us what the problem is with the law.

Romans 8:3 (NKJV) 3 For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh,

The law could never be a vehicle for the salvation God wanted to bring to humanity by his grace. It was weak because it was based in the flesh. God gave the law as a means for a fleshly people to control the flesh. That is always going to fail.

Salvation is strong because it changes man in the spirit. It overrides the flesh. It taps into a power that is as far above the law as Heaven is above earth. That power is available to us in a real way if we walk in it by faith. If we do not access this power, the flesh will reassert itself and we will once again be under the dominion of death.

I want to make it clear that I am not talking about losing salvation. That is another question. I am talking about how much my salvation affects my daily living. Vine’s Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words defines salvation as “all the blessings bestowed upon men in Christ by the Holy Spirit.”

Salvation includes everything promised in the Old Covenant and all that God promises in the New Covenant. How much we see those promises at work in us is determined by how much we allow the life of God within to influence our life without.

That is the message of Romans 6. He concludes this important chapter by saying, “I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh.” I think Paul is amazed at how people seem to misunderstand what is to him a very clear truth. I have been in ministry 40 years and I have been a Christian for 50. I have seen both personally and in the lives of the believers I have dealt with that we have a real problem not allowing the flesh to dominate us.

To me Paul is saying, “This is not rocket science. You used to yield yourself to the flesh and it brought bad things. God provided good things for you but to walk in them you have to yield yourself to righteousness!” That is not complicated.

Paul addresses this problem by pointing out something we should all remember. When we were not saved we all allowed sin to rule our lives. Sin produced a lifestyle that led us away from God. Paul says that the result is death. In today’s section of Romans 6, he reminds them that slavery to sin was not a good way of life.

Verse 20 is an interesting statement. When you were slaves of sin you were free in regard to righteousness. You did not have to be concerned with God’s ways or his nature. You were not right with God, but you did not care. You could do whatever you wanted. The problem with that was the fruit it produced. That fruit was an earthly life to be ashamed of and eternal death in separation from God.

Paul finishes chapter 6 by telling his readers what they now have. They have everlasting life. Hell in not in their future. Their physical lives can produce fruit that is holy to God. That is ours positionally because of salvation through grace. When we allow the new life of God to flow through us it is also true in our daily living. All we need to do is live as slaves of God. A slave has no choice about what he will or will not do. A slave is totally at the command of his master. Like it or not we are totally at the command of our Lord if we are Christians. We are slaves to God.

Finally Paul makes one more summing statement. The wages or payment for sin is death. Eternal death for those who never receive the sacrifice of Jesus in salvation. Sin is an open door for death in our physical lives if we yield our members to it. If we choose daily to yield our members to righteousness, rejecting sin by the power of the inward life we received at salvation, we can have heaven on earth.

The bible is a book of choices. Even in the Old Testament God tells us the kind of life we live is based on the choices we make.

Deuteronomy 30:19-20 (NKJV) 19 I call heaven and earth as witnesses today against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may live; 20 that you may love the LORD your God, that you may obey His voice, and that you may cling to Him, for He is your life and the length of your days; and that you may dwell in the land which the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give them.”

Paul sets the same choice before us in Romans 6. We can obey him and his voice and have life and blessing or we can choose to obey the sin and the flesh, and the result will be death and cursing. Grace made the choice available. The choice is ours.

How we Walk in Newness of Life 2

Romans 6:15-18 (NKJV) 15 What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not! 16 Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness? 17 But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered. 18 And having been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.

As we continue to study what grace did for us we find ourselves in Romans chapter 6. Yesterday we laid out how Paul makes the case throughout Romans for a salvation that is neither based on law nor on works but on faith in the grace of in the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. The beginning of Romans 6 shows us that salvation did not simply cause us to have a change of doctrine or religion. Salvation changed us inwardly.

Paul says that because of what God did in Jesus we can walk in a new kind of life. We are “born again” and made “new creations.” When I received Jesus, that part of me that was created in the image of God was once again joined to him. I may look the same on the outside, but I am not the same on the inside. I now have access to something that gives me the power to walk in real victory. Paul calls that something newness of life.

This “newness of life” does not make sin less sinful. It makes me capable of eradicating it from my behavior from the inside out. Yesterday we read the method for applying this new inward life to our outward lifestyle. We must consider ourselves dead to sin and alive to God. When I begin to see myself in that light, I realize I do not have to sin. I can walk in the light and power of the commandments that reveal God’s nature to me.

By faith in God’s grace I choose not to yield my members as “instruments of unrighteousness” or sin. What are my members? Paul is talking about our bodies. There are all kinds of temptations in the world. To say they do not apply to me is foolishness. It is my choice what I will yield my mind and body to. When I experience the revelation of the grace of God, I have the power to resist that temptation by faith. I do not just try really hard not to sin. I do not sin because I have a power to overcome it.

The more I see the revelation that I am dead to sin and alive to God, the less sin has dominion over me. This is not a onetime thing. It is a process that every believer must go through. However, Paul is clear that it begins with the understanding of what God did and continues with our decision as to what we are going to “yield our members.”

In today’s scripture Paul begins to make a compelling case for me to walk in this process. Paul says again what he said in the first two verses of this chapter. “Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not!” He says this because people thought that was what he was teaching. If I am not under law and grace has paid the price for my sin, then sin no longer matters. Paul saw the idea that he preached such a thing as an insult.

Paul’s letters were written to specific people, but God was really speaking through Paul to every believer. Paul makes some very strong statements to reveal how foolish it is to think that we do not need to worry about sin because of grace. Whomever you obey becomes your master and you become their slave. If you choose to obey sin you are a slave to sin. If you choose to obey righteousness you are a slave to righteousness.

We do not like the thought of being a slave. Satan loves to point out that if you obey righteousness by obeying God and His ways, you are a slave to God and his ways. That is true. He makes it seem that if you rebel against God and his ways you are free. He even tells us we are choosing to live our own lives and be our true selves. This is the same argument he has used since the garden of Eden.

Genesis 3:2-5 (NKJV) 2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; 3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’ ” 4 Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. 5 For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

“Come on Eve. God is just holding out on you. He knows that if you eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you will be free. As a matter of fact, he does not want you to know that if you eat that fruit you will be equal to him!”

That is exactly the same logic Paul is exposing in Romans 6. The result of Eve’s choice to be “free” from God’s requirements in the Garden was bondage for the human race. Paul says that when we choose to sin we make ourselves slaves to sin which opens our life to the bondage of death. Grace does not change that.

In verses 17 he makes a wonderful statement of faith about us. “Thank God that although you were slaves to sin you obeyed from the heart the Word of God that led to your deliverance.” Paul wants it clearly understood. You could not just “feel” the truth. You could not just understand the truth of salvation. You had to obey it. According to Romans 10 you had to believe in your heart that God raised Jesus from the dead and confess with your mouth Jesus as the lord of your life.

Salvation is twofold. You must believe in his sacrifice as the sacrifice for you past life. That is where it begins. If there is no faith in Jesus’ sacrifice, there can be no salvation. But Romans 10 also makes it clear that we must confess Jesus as Lord. This is not just saying some words religiously. We must yield to Jesus as the Lord and master of our lives.

1 Corinthians 6:19-20 (NKJV) 19 Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own? 20 For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God’s.

What a wonderful promise I find in verse 17. I am no longer a slave to sin. I have been set free by grace. Hallelujah! I do not have to suffer the consequences of sin. I am not subject to the death that sin can bring into my life. Because I am not a slave to sin, I am not a slave to sickness, poverty, failure or discouragement. I am free from everything that sin brought upon humanity.

Galatians 3:13 (NKJV) 13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”),

We must understand that the promise of verse 17 also includes the truth of verse 18. I am not longer a slave to sin. However, I am a slave to righteousness. I cannot have one without the other.

What Paul needs us to see is that we will be a slave to one or the other. Grace bought us the right to choose which one we will serve. When we choose to make Jesus the savior and Lord of our lives, we chose Jesus as our absolute ruler. We are not our own. We are bought with a price. That is the precious blood of Jesus. Does that not make us a slave to righteousness?

Once I make that choice by genuine faith, heaven becomes my eternal home. I no longer have to worry about a hell of separation from God. However, what of my life on earth. I must make a choice which master I will serve today. Will I serve unrighteousness, sin, and find that death is working in my life here? Or will I choose to be a slave to righteousness and reap the benefits of the life God has for me.

What determines my slavery? It is what I do with my members. My body, my emotions and my will are those members. When I choose slavery to God and his ways, life is the result. When I choose to serve sin and my flesh, I am going to find death working in me, my work, my body and my family. Grace gives us the choice, but it does not change the consequences we face in this life. What will you be a slave to?

How we Walk in Newness of Life

Romans 6:11-14 (NKJV) 11 Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord. 12 Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts. 13 And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God. 14 For sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace.

We are taking some time this year to look at the topic of grace. There is much teaching on this in the church right now. Some if it is good and some may not be so good. My tact whenever I hear things that I am not sure about, is to go back to the Word of God. I try to do so without preconceived ideas. All I want to know is what the bible says. If we focus there, we cannot go wrong. The key to this process is to be open to changing what we thought was true.

At this point in our study, we are looking at Romans 6. There is a progression in the book of Romans that lays out perfectly the truth about grace. In chapter 3 we find that all are under sin. There are no exceptions. One of the key verses of Romans 3 makes this clear.

Romans 3:10 (NKJV) 10 As it is written: “There is none righteous, no, not one;

The other dominant theme of chapter 3 is that the law cannot make anyone righteous or right with God. There is another way to become right with him. That is the sacrifice of Jesus. Through that sacrifice all who come are made righteous. There is nothing to pay and nothing to earn. How do we access this free righteousness? Chapter 4 tells us.

I like to think of Romans 4 as the “quick start guide” to faith. It lays out in detail how Abraham received the promise that he would be the father of nations in the face of impossibility. Any faith operation we undertake works the same way. However, there is another truth in this chapter that is actually more relevant to the revelation Paul is giving us in Romans. We can only access the “law free” salvation by faith in God.

Some say the opposite of law is grace. That is not exactly correct. Law was the vehicle that God used to enable man to access what limited grace he could provide under the Old Covenant. Under the New Covenant we have a much more complete and powerful grace available to us. If law was the way to access grace under the Old Covenant, how do we access it under the New. The answer is Faith.

The New Testament answer to the Old Testament law is not grace but faith. Grace has always been available. Instead of keeping the law to be right with God, today we access grace by faith.

Ephesians 2:8 (NKJV) 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God,

There is no amount of keeping the Law that can save you. Keeping the law gave the Israelites under the Old Covenant as much relationship as possible until Jesus came. It gave God a channel through which he could bring the Messiah. When He came, He did not do away with the law, he fulfilled it (Matthew 5:17.) His sacrifice provided in reality for all what the Law provided in type and shadow for Israel. The only way we can access this true righteousness of grace is by faith.

We have already talked about chapter 5 in previous posts. To summarize, chapter 5 tells us that Adam brought death to all, but Jesus brought life to all who will receive it. It reveals to us that the grace manifested in Jesus Christ gave man the power to overcome the reign of death through sin that had come upon all at the fall.

There is no question that grace accessed by faith is the answer that God was working towards since the fall of man in Eden. Salvation requires nothing else. You cannot earn salvation. You cannot buy salvation. There are no laws you can keep nor sacrifices you can make that will save you or make you right with God. Salvation comes by faith in Jesus Christ alone. Grace is the vehicle that provided salvation and faith is how we access grace.

This brings us to chapter 6. Again, we have looked at the beginning of this chapter in previous posts. Let me quote the first two verses again so we are absolutely clear on what Paul is saying.

Romans 6:1-2 (KJV) 1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? 2 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?

Paul’s revelation is not that sin is no longer sinful. Sin is toxic to man. Sin is what produced the fall. According to the last verse of this chapter, Paul makes it clear that the wages or affect of sin is death. He says in the same verse that the free gift God wants to give us is eternal life. Both statements are true. The wage sin pays are still death and the free gift of God is life.

Romans 6 reveals something that is key to the whole process. When I receive the sacrifice of Jesus as payment for my sins, I am not just forgiven. I receive a new life. Something changes inside of me. Jesus called it being born again. Paul called it becoming a new creation. The death that came into the spirit of all people was transformed into life. The power of God connected the Christian to the creator once again. All past sins were wiped away and we became “new creations” in Christ. We were born again.

Neither grace nor salvation changed the nature of sin. Sin is still a disease that, if we allow it to control us will produce death. All Christians sin. We all allow the flesh to dominate us from time to time. 1 John 1:8-10 makes that clear. I do not believe that the sin John is talking about will send us to hell. I do believe it opens up a door for the enemy to get into our lives and bring death. Not eternal death but death to our witness, our testimony and sometimes our physical lives, among many other things (John 10:10.)

What is the solution? Should I ignore the sinfulness of sin because grace has me covered. I say with Paul, “God forbid!” The solution is to walk in the new life God made available to every believer through the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The question is, “How do I do that?” The answer is found in the whole New Testament, but we can find some important things at this point in the story of Romans. Todays scripture gives us the next steps.

We receive grace and salvation by faith. We accept the truth that we are new creatures in Christ. What must we do next? We must consider ourselves dead to sin and alive to God. We must not let sin reign in our mortal bodies by yielding our physical lives to its power. We must yield our bodies, our members, to God and not to sin.

We do not do this by law. We do it because we are no longer under law. We are under grace. Grace gives us the power to control our “members” from the inside out not the outside in. Nonetheless, we do control them. If we do not, we yield to sin which opens us to death. All of the negatives that came upon man because of the fall are wrapped up in death.

More tomorrow.

Traveling, Traveling, Traveling

Acts 1:8 (NKJV) 8 But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”

It has been quite a busy year for my wife and me. We have been doing our best to fulfill today’s scripture as we establish Living Word International as our primary ministry. Unfortunately, the travel has left us behind in posting to this space as well as in other writing we feel God has called us to do. For that I apologize.

However, as you pray for us and support us financially, the bible is clear that what we do is credited to your account in heaven as well. Please do pray for us. The doors are open. We need you to agree with us for the finances and the strength to go. God has been good to us and he will continue to be in the future.

As much as it would bless us to have your support financially, it is even more important that you pray. Over my nearly 40 years as a pastor, I often stood before our church and asked them to do their financial best but to agree with me that whatever we could not do, God would do supernaturally. We saw God move time and again as our faith was mobilized together. I would request that those who have been blessed by this blog would do the same. You may not be able to give but if you will really agree with me today, I know God will continue to provide. Thank you in advance.

I want to take a moment to give you a quick update. We spent the first 3 weeks of this year pouring into students at Blue Ridge Bible School in Rocky Mount Virginia. We really appreciate the trust of Pastors Phil and Gina Crandall as well the whole family at Blue Ridge for the opportunity to teach these fine students. We will be there again in January of 2019.

We left Virginia and spent a week with The Rock in Conneaut Ohio and New Beginnings in Erie Pennsylvania. The Rock is pastored by Pastors James and Michelle Friend and New Beginnings by James’ parents Paul and Anne Friend. We had a great time in both places. Thanks.

We then had our annual Unity Through Fellowship leadership conference at Living Word in Greene. From there we spent about 10 days in Costa Rica ministering with Pastor John Snyder, Dr. Eldon Wilson and Pastor Paul Friend in prophetic ministry to a group of pastors from a major denomination in that country. We also ministered to the local church in Aguas Clara, Costa Rica.

Next up was a trip to the Philippines with Pastor Ron and Lorraine Estep of Havre de Grace, Maryland. We had a great time ministering to a group of churches and a bible school on the island of Palawan. We traveled the length of the island visiting churches and teaching in a conference for their leaders and people at the school in the city of Narra.

Next it was back to the Bible School in Virginia for graduation and a visit to our oldest son in Nashville and some dear friends in Michigan. We will finally have some time at home from the middle of May through July.

Next up is a short trip to Mamaroneck, NY in June and then our annual visit to Kenya and Uganda. We will spend 2 months there from mid-August to mid-October. This is a major focus for us so please pray.

Finally, we end the year with a trip to Columbia in December with my son-in-law, Louis to visit a pastor friend of his named Julio Valandia where we will minister to pastors and leaders in the city of Bogotá.

Continue to pray for us. Visit to purchase our books. The proceeds will help finance our travels. There are many more doors open and we are praying about what the Lord wants us to do to meet the tremendous need we see in the world.

If any would like to help with the costs of travel, we would appreciate it. Checks can be made out to Intercession Ministries and you can give electronically through PayPal using the email address (Intercession Ministries is our personal incorporation that pre-dates our church, Living Word Christian Center. Giving through Intercession Ministries makes the bookkeeping easier and gives tax credit for those who ask.)

Thanks again for reading and for supporting us. You are a blessing to us even though we may never have met.